Purpose of Form
The Executor of a decedent’s Estate uses Form 706 to figure the Estate Tax imposed by Chapter 11 of the Internal Revenue Code. This Tax is levied on the entire taxable Estate and not just on the share received by a particular beneficiary. Form 706 is also used to figure the generation-skipping transfer tax imposed by Chapter 13 on direct skips (transfers to skip persons of interests in property included in the decedent’s gross Estate).
Which Estates Must File
For decedents dying in 2012 Form 706 must be filed by the executor for the estate of every U.S. citizen or resident:
Whose gross Estate, plus adjusted taxable gifts and specific exemption, is more $5,120,000.
Whose executor wants to make the election to permit the decedent’s surviving spouse to use the decedent’s unused exclusion amount, regardless of the size of the decendent's gross estate.